Theodoret of Cyrus (The Early Church Fathers)

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God allowed him to fall, because He meant to make him ruler over the whole world, that, remembering his own fall, he might forgive those who should slip in the future. Hom 73 in Joan 5.

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And why, then, passing by the others, does He converse with Peter on these things? John He was the chosen one of the Apostles, and the mouth of the disciples, and the leader of the choir. On this account, Paul also went up on a time to see him rather than the others Galatians And withal, to show him that he must thenceforward have confidence, as the denial was done away with, He puts into his hands the presidency over the brethren. And He brings not forward the denial, nor reproches him with what had past, but says, 'If you love me, preside over the brethren And if one should say, 'How then did James receive the throne of Jerusalem?

Chrysostom, In Joan.

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John Chrysostom Peter, the coryphaeus of the disciples, and the one set over or chief of the Apostles. Art not thou he that didst say, 'Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God'? Thou Bar-Jonas son of the dove hast thou seen so many miracles, and art thou still but Simon a hearer? He appointed thee the key-bearer of Heaven, and has though not yet layed aside thy fisherman's clothing?

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Proclus, Or. Galland John Cassian, Monk c. John Chrysostom Peter, Head of the choir of Apostles. Nilus, Lib. Peter, who was foremost in the choir of Apostles and always ruled amongst them. Nilus, Tract. Macedonius, Patriarch of Constantinople Macedonius declared, when desired by the Emperor Anastasius to condemn the Council of Chalcedon, that 'such a step without an Ecumenical Synod presided over by the Pope of Rome is impossible.

Emperor Justinian Writing to the Pope: Yielding honor to the Apostolic See and to Your Holiness, and honoring your Holiness, as one ought to honor a father, we have hastened to subject all the priests of the whole Eastern district, and to unite them to the See of your Holiness, for we do not allow of any point, however manifest and indisputable it be, which relates to the state of the Churches, not being brought to the cognizance of your Holiness, since you are the Head of all the holy Churches.

Justinian Epist. Let your Apostleship show that you have worthily succeeded to the Apostle Peter, since the Lord will work through you, as Surpreme Pastor, the salvation of all. John VI, Epist. Combefis, Auctuar. Nicephorus, Patriarch of Constantinople Without whom the Romans presiding in the seventh Council a doctrine brought forward in the Church could not, even though confirmed by canonical decrees and by ecclesiastical usuage, ever obtain full approval or currency. For it is they the Popes of Rome who have had assigned to them the rule in sacred things, and who have received into their hands the dignity of headship among the Apostles.

Nicephorus, Niceph. Theodore, Bk. For Peter art thou, who adornest and governest the Chair of Peter. Hither, then, from the West, imitator of Christ, arise and repel not for ever Ps. To thee spake Christ our Lord: 'And thou being one day converted, shalt strengthen thy brethren. Help us, thou that art set by God for this.

Stretch forth thy hand so far as thou canst. Thou hast strength with God, through being the first of all. Letter of St. Theodore and four other Abbots to Pope Paschal, Bk. Let the blessed and Apostolic Paschal Pope St.

2014 #3 Church Fathers: Ignatius of Antioch, Polycarp & Justin Martyr

Paschal I rejoice therefore, for he has fulfilled the work of Peter. Theodore Bk. In truth we have seen that a manifest successor of the prince of the Apostles presides over the Roman Church. We truly believe that Christ has not deserted the Church here Constantinople , for assistance from you has been our one and only aid from of old and from the beginning by the providence of God in the critical times. You are, indeed the untroubled and pure fount of orthodoxy from the beginning, you the calm harbor of the whole Church, far removed from the waves of heresy, you the God-chosen city of refuge.

Theodor and Four Abbots to Pope Paschal. Let him Patriarch Nicephorus of Constantinople assemble a synod of those with whom he has been at variance, if it is impossible that representatives of the other Patriarchs should be present, a thing which might certainly be if the Emperor should wish the Western Patriarch the Roman Pope to be present, to whom is given authority over an ecumenical synod; but let him make peace and union by sending his synodical letters to the prelate of the First See.

Theodore the Studite, Patr. Peter, set above the Apostles.

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Peter of Alexandria, Canon. Galland, iv p. Athanasius Rome is called the Apostolic throne. Athanasius, Hist. Arian, ad Monach. Athan, In Ps. Macarius of Egypt The Chief, Peter. Embed Experimental. Layout options: Carousel Grid List Card. Include data citation:. Copy to clipboard Close. Cite Data - Experimental. Structured data from the Bibframe namespace is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4. Additional terms may apply to data associated with third party namespaces. Link Analysis Experimental. Network Analysis Inbound Links 1 1 Total.

Shared in Network This resource is rare in the Library. There are many lost works. Theodoret mentions having written against Arius and Eunomius , [17] probably one work, to which were joined the three treatises against the Macedonians. There were, besides, two works against the Apollinarians, and of the Opus adversus Marcionem nothing has been preserved. God is immutable also in becoming man, the two natures are separate in Christ, and God the Logos is ever immortal and impassive. Each nature remained "pure" after the union, retaining its properties to the exclusion of all transmutation and intermixture.

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Of the twenty-seven orations in defense of various propositions, the first six agree in their given content with Theodoret. A few extracts from the five orations on Chrysostom were preserved by Photius codex Among apologetic writings was the Ad quaestiones magorum , now lost, in which Theodoret justified the Old Testament sacrifices as alternatives in opposition to the Egyptian idolatry, [18] and exposed the fables of the Magi who worshiped the elements Church History v.

De providentia , or Ten Discourses on Providence , consists of apologetic discourses, proving the divine providence from the physical order chapters i-iv , and from the moral and social order chapters vi-x. They were most probably delivered to the cultured Greek congregation of Antioch, sometime between and Unlike most sermons, they are reasoned arguments, lectures rather than homilies on scriptural texts. The Graecarum Affectionum Curatio or Cure of the Greek Maladies , subtitled The Truth of the Gospel proved from Greek Philosophy, arranged in twelve books, was an attempt to prove the truth of Christianity from Greek philosophy and in contrast with the pagan ideas and practises.

As such, it forms one of the last Apologies written, since in an age when Christianity was dominant, the need for apologies gradually died out. The truth is self-consistent where it is not obscured with error and approves itself as the power of life; philosophy is only a presentiment of it.

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This work is distinguished for clearness of arrangement and style. The Ecclesiastical History of Theodoret, which begins with the rise of Arianism and closes with the death of Theodore in despite being completed in is very different in style from those of Socrates Scholasticus and Sozomen. It contains many sources otherwise lost, specially letters on the Arian controversy; however, the book is extremely partisan, the heretics being consistently blackened and described as afflicted with the 'Arian plague'.

The narrative is more compressed than in the other historians, and Theodoret often strings documents together, with only brief comments between. Original material of Antiochian information appears chiefly in the latter books. Theodoret's sources are in dispute. Glubokovskij counts Eusebius, Rufinus, Philostorgius, and, perhaps, Sabinus. The Religious History, with an appendix on divine love , contains the biographies of thirty ten living ascetics, held forth as religious models. It is a document of remarkable significance for understanding the complexities of the role of early monastics, both in society and in the church; it is also remarkable for presenting a model of ascetic authority which runs strongly against Athanasius's Life of Antony.

Upon the request of a high official named Sporacius , Theodoret compiled a Compendium of Heretical Accounts Haereticarum fabularum compendium , including a heresiology books i-iv and a "compendium of divine dogmas" book v , which, apart from Origen 's De principiis and the theological work of John of Damascus , is the only systematic representation of the theology of the Greek Fathers.

Compared to the more than letters known to Nicephorus Callistus in the fourteenth century, only about half that number had survived to the twentieth century. Three collections survive, though there is some overlap between them. To these, J. Sakkelion added another 47 letters he published from a manuscript he found at the Monastery of Patmos in These letters provide glimpses of rural Christianity in northern Syria, as well as insight into episcopal relationships; hints of the development of Christological issues between the Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon can be seen; there are letters of consolation and commendation; throughout there is revealed the generous and sensitive soul of a pastor.

Cambridge University Press. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the theologian. For the martyr, see Theodoret of Antioch. New York: Robert Appleton Company, Ep They are polemics against Arianism and Apollinarianism. Retrieved 14 October Categories : s births s deaths Church Fathers Assyrian Church of the East Christian anti-Gnosticism Syrian bishops Ancient Christians involved in controversies 5th-century Byzantine people 5th-century bishops Apamea, Syria Bible commentators Nestorianism People from Cyrrhus 5th-century Byzantine writers 5th-century historians Byzantine historians.

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