A survey by the Gallup organization found that just 8 percent of Americans knew that African Americans make up between 10 percent and 15 percent of the U. In a Gallup poll, respondents estimated that Hispanics made up about 20 percent of the U. Opinion polls also show that many white Americans believe that racial discrimination no longer impedes the advancement of minorities.
Yet numerous studies document continued discrimination against racial and ethnic minorities in employment, housing, criminal arrests and prosecutions, and many other sectors of society.
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Although the transition to a multiethnic America is moving at a rapid pace, it is occurring remarkably smoothly. But occasionally tensions build and erupt into serious confrontations. In the s, Americans have witnessed racial riots in Los Angeles, the burning of African American churches in the South, and the murders of a Filipino postal worker in California and of a black man in Texas. Hate crimes against minorities, especially African Americans, reportedly increased in the s. Yet such confrontations are rare and involve far fewer people than the violence among racial and ethnic groups in many other countries.
Hate crimes and blatant racism directed against immigrants have been widely reported in Western Europe in recent decades as these countries received an influx of economic migrants and political refugees. During the last decade of the century, ethnic and religious differences have led to massacres of ethnic Tutsis by Hutus in Rwanda; full-scale war involving Serb, Bosnian, Albanian, and other ethnic groups in the Balkans; and violence against ethnic Chinese in Indonesia.
American Racial and Ethnic Politics in the 21st Century: A cautious look ahead
To the rest of the world, the United States is a grand and daring experiment. No other country has so successfully blended so many people of different races and cultures. At a time when racial and ethnic rivalries are promoting violence around the globe, how Americans handle their transition to a multiracial society has implications that extend far beyond U.
This group is over 80 percent white and only 3 percent African-American. On the right, immigration has gained prominence as an issue, including among conservative Asians and Hispanics. Yet Trump voters rate minorities relatively warmly. Racial ideology rather than race accounts for their differences with white Democrats: White Republicans reject affirmative action, the notion of white privilege and the idea that racial discrimination continues to hold minorities back.
Minorities again rank in between on many of these measures.
A mix of races are found in each racial ideology, preventing tribe and creed from pushing in the same direction, which might lead to civil conflict. The Times is committed to publishing a diversity of letters to the editor. Here are some tips.
Their own race. Other race. Black Clinton voters. White Trump voters.
Views on America's Growing Racial, Ethnic Diversity | Pew Research Center
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Divided We Fall
Thank you for your feedback. Load Previous Page. A person can belong to only one race. Phenotypic features, or visible physical differences, are markers or symbols of race identity and status.
Each race has distinct qualities of temperament, morality , disposition , and intellectual ability. Consequently, in the popular imagination each race has distinct behavioral traits that are linked to its phenotype. Races are unequal. They can, and should, be ranked on a gradient of inferiority and superiority. The behavioral and physical attributes of each race are inherited and innate—therefore fixed, permanent, and unalterable.
Distinct races should be segregated and allowed to develop their own institutions, communities , and lifestyles, separate from those of other races.
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