Indispensable preconditions for the building of a stable society include a strong economy with a high rate of employment; free trade; well-developed infrastructure; a strong currency; relatively high living standards; an independent judiciary; a free press; freedom of association; security; and order guaranteed by a robust institutional framework. Social progress will be evident through the participation of women and the presence of free trade unions, and the foundations of a democratically legitimate order will have to be enshrined in a constitution.
This will require security guarantees. The security architecture that we propose cannot generate a strong economy. Its objective is to create safe and secure conditions for well-defined political and social processes. The structures of the Syrian state have been widely destroyed. The war has annihilated the significance of traditional roles although an understanding of their purpose lives on, awaiting restoration.
New conditions demand new forms of life. It is necessary to create and establish them, even in the face of resistance. First, however, those responsible for all kinds of crime must be brought to justice, in an official and transparent way. The people of Syria must live in dignity and without fear.
Only then will people who fled the country return and participate in reconstruction.
Since Syrians came to Europe as refugees fleeing war, torture, and displacement, rather than for economic reasons, their return is only logical. Those who participated in the devastation of Syria must urgently contribute to its reconstruction. This state of affairs has led to boycotts of commercial enterprises charging high prices, as well as demands for higher wages and better job opportunities.
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Wounded and disabled former pro-government fighters from coastal areas have accused the regime of neglecting them and offering no financial or employment assistance. The families of fighters are generally poor and often dependent on women to support their households financially.
Funding Syria’s Reconstruction Could Upset China’s Other Ties in the Middle East
Criticism has even seeped into Syrian media discourse. Similarly, at the end of , an article in a pro-regime economics-focused newspaper derisively pointed out the disconnect of developing high-rise luxury apartments in war-torn communities that remain in disrepair. Left by the wayside are the poorer social classes that the regime views as threatening. In response, the government has adopted austerity measures and reduced subsidies on essential products, further worsening living conditions for the poor. These policies have widened social, economic, and regional inequalities, replicating the problems that existed before the war broke out in These disturbances could continue in other forms, undermining employment opportunities for many citizens and preventing those involved in militias and illegal pursuits from being absorbed back into society.
That greater uncertainty of a real economic recovery and genuine development will be a significant barrier to refugees hoping to return. The Syrian regime and its foreign allies have won the military conflict. But the inequality that reconstruction efforts are reinforcing represents a serious problem for the future. The Syrian conflict was partly caused by rising inequality. If the government fails to ameliorate these conditions, it could be leaving in place the drivers of more conflict to come.
Rebuilding Devastated Economies in the Middle East
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September 04, Article. This is heightening the inequality that led to war in the first place. The Costs of Reconstruction The widespread destruction in Syria since March has been disastrous for the economy, and the costs of repairing this damage are quite daunting. No links or markup permitted. Comments are moderated and may not appear immediately. Screen names appear with your comment. Screen Name.
Kuwait to host conference on reconstruction of Iraqi cities destroyed by IS war
The timing could not be better for Turkey, with the economy facing a looming recession after this year's collapse of the currency. The Turkish construction industry is particularly stricken by the country's economic woes, with many companies reportedly in financial difficulties. The building sector is one of Turkey's biggest employers. Ankara cut diplomatic relations with Damascus at the start of the Syrian civil war and remains committed to Assad's removal from power.
However, with the Turkish construction industry in trouble, analysts suggest Erdogan has a vested interest in repairing relations with Damascus.
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Damascus may not be in a generous mood toward Turkish companies. Assad holds Erdogan responsible for the destruction of Syria because of his support for the rebels. Ankara may not be counting on needing Assad's goodwill. Turkey has taken control of a large swathe of northern Syria in a series of military operations against Islamic State and the Kurdish YPG militia. Ankara considers both groups as terrorist organizations and a security threat. Analysts point out that Ankara is likely calculating that the control of Syrian territory will give it leverage over Damascus and a say over the outcome of post-war Syria.
This month, Erdogan made clear there would be no early Syrian withdrawal of Turkish forces. Turkish construction firms are already engaged in building projects across Syrian territory under Ankara's control. But observers say Erdogan is eyeing the rebuilding of Syria's second largest city, Aleppo, 50 kilometers 31 miles from the Turkish border. But that does not mean that Turkey is not going to play the reconstruction role," said Bagci.
Also, Russia will stay there Syria for now and forever. Erdogan has developed a close relationship with Russian President Vladimir Putin, built on cooperation over Syria. Though the two leaders back rival sides in the Syrian civil war, analysts say there is a recognition they need one another to end the conflict. Syria's reconstruction nearly always features prominently in the regular meetings between Erdogan and Putin. Economic cooperation is also an essential component in deepening Turkish-Russia ties.
Syria's reconstruction offers the opportunity to further cement bilateral relations. Analysts point out that who finances Syria's reconstruction will likely have a big say on who benefits from any construction boom.
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