Year, Month Day. Title of Newspaper. Parker-Pope, T. Psychiatry handbook linked to drug industry. The New York Times. Electronic books may include books found on personal websites, databases, or even in audio form. Use the following format if the book you are using is only provided in a digital format or is difficult to find in print. If the work is not directly available online or must be purchased, use "Available from," rather than "Retrieved from," and point readers to where they can find it.
For books available in print form and electronic form, include the publish date in parentheses after the author's name. For references to e-book editions, be sure to include the type and version of e-book you are referencing e. If DOIs are available, provide them at the end of the reference. De Huff, E.
NASA Graphics Standards Manual
Davis, J. Familiar birdsongs of the Northwest.
To cite Kindle or other e-book formats you must include the following information: the author, date of publication, title, e-book version, and either the Digital Object Identifier DOI number, or the place where you downloaded the book. In Title of book or larger document chapter or section number. Engelshcall, R. Peckinpaugh, J. Change in the Nineties. Bough and G.
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DuBois Eds. Retrieved from GoldStar database. NOTE : Use a chapter or section identifier and provide a URL that links directly to the chapter section, not the home page of the website. Cite the information as you normally would for the work you are quoting. The first example below is from a newspaper article; the second is from a scholarly journal. In brackets, write "Review of the book" and give the title of the reviewed work. Provide the web address after the words "Retrieved from," if the review is freely available to anyone.
If the review comes from a subscription service or database, write "Available from" and provide the information where the review can be purchased.
Zacharek, S. Natural women [Review of the book Girls like us ]. Castle, G. New millennial Joyce [Review of the books Twenty-first Joyce, Joyce's critics: Transitions in reading and culture, and Joyce's messianism: Dante, negative existence, and the messianic self].
- Lie Algebras.
- Handbooks and Manuals.
- GitHub - nasa/PrognosticsModelLibrary?
- Mother Earth News (February & March 2012).
- Converse Goes Waterproof, With Some Help From Gore-Tex.
- Its Not About Me: Rescue From the Life We Thought Would Make Us Happy;
Modern Fiction Studies, 50 1 , Biswas, S. Dopamine D3 receptor: A neuroprotective treatment target in Parkinson's disease. AAT Often encyclopedias and dictionaries do not provide bylines authors' names. When no byline is present, move the entry name to the front of the citation. Provide publication dates if present or specify n. Point readers to raw data by providing a web address use "Retrieved from" or a general place that houses data sets on the site use "Available from".
Indiana income limits [Data file]. Give the name of the researching organization followed by the date. In brackets, provide a brief explanation of what type of data is there and in what form it appears. Finally, provide the project name and retrieval information. Solar Radiation and Climate Experiment. If an interview is not retrievable in audio or print form, cite the interview only in the text not in the reference list and provide the month, day, and year in the text.
If an audio file or transcript is available online, use the following model, specifying the medium in brackets e. Butler, C. Oral History 2 [Interview transcript]. When citing online lecture notes, be sure to provide the file format in brackets after the lecture title e. PowerPoint slides, Word document.
Hallam, A. Duality in consumer theory [PDF document].
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Roberts, K. Federal regulations of chemicals in the environment [PowerPoint slides]. Do not cite standard office software e. Word, Excel or programming languages. Provide references only for specialized software. Hayes, B. E-mails are not included in the list of references, though you parenthetically cite them in your main text: E. Robbins, personal communication, January 4, Include the title of the message, and the URL of the newsgroup or discussion board.
Please note that titles for items in online communities e. If the author's name is not available, provide the screen name.
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Place identifiers like post or message numbers, if available, in brackets. If available, provide the URL where the message is archived e. Frook, B. New inventions in the cyberworld of toylandia [Msg 25]. Include the title of the message and the URL.
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J Dean. When the self emerges: Is that me in the mirror? Online videos are cited similarly to the other types of digital media described above.
However, because the creators of digital videos often go by pseudonymous screen names, this information is included after the author's name. Title of video [Video file]. Here, the "author" is the person who uploaded the video file. The screen name should be spelled and capitalized exactly as it appears, even if it does not observe standard spelling and capitalization rules.
If no author name is available, or if the author's name is identical to the username, leave it out. In this case, do not put the username in brackets. Please note that the APA Style Guide to Electronic References warns writers that wikis like Wikipedia, for example are collaborative projects that cannot guarantee the verifiability or expertise of their entries.
For all podcasts, provide as much information as possible; not all of the following information will be available. Possible addition identifiers may include Producer, Director, etc. Bell, T.
- Catalog Record: NASA reference publication | HathiTrust Digital Library.
- 14 CFR § - Use of the NASA Insignia. | CFR | US Law | LII / Legal Information Institute.
- How One Typeface Landed on the Moon.
A solar flare. View Comments. Sponsored Stories Powered By Outbrain. Yes, Wood. More design. Author: Liz Stinson Liz Stinson. Author: Michael Calore Michael Calore. Author: Arielle Pardes Arielle Pardes.
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