Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)


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Sign In or Create an Account. Sign In. Advanced Search. Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume CI. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Article PDF first page preview. Issue Section:. You do not currently have access to this article. Students will design and construct dynamic reports using the data warehouse and multi-dimensional online analytical processing OLAP cubes as the data source.

The course covers the syntax of the C programming language,. Students will be required to complete a number of practical programming assignments to solidify their knowledge of the language and its application. This course provides an introduction to two-dimensional game programming. Students will learn how to draw and manage game objects.

Techniques for adding sound to a game will be discussed. Creation of computer controlled game objects will also be covered. Students will receive hands-on experience with a current game development platform. Students will be expected to create their own two-dimensional game by the end of the course.

This course introduces students to the tools and processes used in software development for large systems. Through the use of open source projects, the students will explore the build environment, version control, and the testing tools used to produce code involving large numbers of programmers and product managers.

Programming project management techniques, such as Agile, and best practices for programming will also be introduced and discussed. The primary objective of this course is to give Computer Programming and Information Systems students an opportunity to integrate techniques and concepts acquired in their other courses. The course is experiential in nature i. In addition to prerequisites, a second level programming course with a grade of C or better, and Senior level status is required.

In this course, the student works under the tutelage of a professional who serves as site supervisor in an organization that provides information services. The work done by the student is guided by learning objectives agreed to by the site supervisor, the faculty member and the student. Students are required to submit a written proposal, progress reports, and a final report on their experience to the client and to the department. The course offers an ideal opportunity to test theory in practice and to gain experience in a realistic information provision situation.

The experience is expected to be mutually beneficial for the organization and student. Courses that range from will cover topics not covered in the regular curriculum. Topics may vary from term to term and reflect the interests of students, faculty and industry. Topics may include wireless communications, rapid application development and other emerging technologies.

This is an independent study course designed to offer the student experience in research of a specialized area of interest. The student will have an opportunity to work individually or with a group in designing, developing and presenting a research project. The topic must be approved by a faculty member. Students will be required to submit full documentation and present their final results.

Students learn the biological underpinnings of topics like diets, cloning, stem cell research, genetic engineering, extinction, and climate change. Biodiversity is also emphasized through the study of evolution and the impacts our species has had on the world. Laboratory exercises provide hands-on examination of lecture topics, while emphasizing common research techniques.

Health, Heredity, and Behavior is a 3 credit, non-lab course. It focuses on the most common and clinically significant diseases and conditions that afflict modern developed societies, first building a foundation of the basic anatomy and physiology necessary to understand the disorder, then exploring the experiences of the people afflicted. The inherited and lifestyle risks associated with disorder are discussed and strategies to reduce those risks are investigated.

This course is appropriate for non-science majors. This course is an inquiry into the mechanism of diseases that plague human beings.

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A systemic approach is taken in which all the major systems of the human body and the significant diseases that affect those systems are studied. Emphasis is on failures of homeostasis as the basic mechanisms of disease. Included are discussions on available treatments and therapies, the impact of new technological developments, and maintaining health and avoiding disease. The laboratory component contains both traditional and computer-generated exercises, which illustrate the onset and development of a variety of diseases and pathological states.

This course provides a basic background in the nature and biochemical function of essential and non-essential nutrients, the molecular basis of metabolism and nutrient requirements of living cells and organisms. The role of nutrients in gene expression, genetically modified foods and the role of diet in the treatment of diseases.

This course deals with biological processes primarily at the molecular and cellular level, and develops the foundations of evolutionary and ecological concepts. There is a study of cell structure, and an examination of cellular composition and metabolic processes including enzyme activity, respiration, and photosynthesis.


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Principles of genetics are studied at the cellular and molecular level, with reference to current techniques in molecular biology. Evolutionary mechanisms are introduced and ecological concepts are presented as a unifying theme. Note: BIO is the first course in the required two-semester introductory sequence in the Bioscience Curriculum Core. It is also approved in the Natural Sciences General Education Competency Area and can serve as a lower-level laboratory science elective within the Liberal Arts.

Note: the laboratory course, BIO L is a part of your grade for this course. This course deals with biological processes primarily at the organismal level, and examines the diversity of living things. The origins and adaptations of the Prokaryota, Protista, and Fungi are explored, with emphasis on their ecological roles, economic value, and medical significance. Plant life cycles are introduced, and plant structure, physiology, and utilization are studied.

The evolution and adaptations of various animal phyla are presented, with a consideration of structure and function in each; organ systems are studied with emphasis on humans as representative vertebrates. Marine Science is designed to give the student an appreciation and understanding of the dynamics and interactions of the various components biological, chemical, physical, geological of the world's oceans. Habitats studied will range from near shore estuarine systems to deep ocean systems.

Special consideration will be given to the human use and manipulation of the Long Island coastal zone. Laboratory sessions will include methodologies used in oceanographic sampling and analysis as well as exercises reinforcing lecture material. Field trips will also play an important part of the course work supporting lecture topics.

This is a one semester integrated survey of human anatomy and physiology, covering the major physiological and morphological relationships of the human organ systems. The design of this course is appropriate preparation for Dental Hygiene, Medical Laboratory Technology, and certain other allied health professions, but it does not satisfy the requirements of the Nursing Curriculum. The major theme of the course is the integrative pathways and regulatory processes that maintain the homeostasis of the body.

This is the first semester of a two-semester sequence in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach, with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization. This sequence is appropriate preparation for nursing and other allied health professions.

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Topics included in Anatomy and Physiology I are: basic anatomical and directional terminology, fundamental concepts and principles of cell biology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, and nervous systems. This is the second semester of a two-semester sequence in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach, with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization.

An introduction to the biology of plants and their ancestors. Topics include cell structure and function, cell chemistry, photosynthesis and cellular respiration. The tissues, roots, stems and leaves are studied covering such topics as conduction, absorption, translocation and reproduction. A phylogenetic comparison among plant groups and their ancestors is the underlying theme. Attendance in the laboratory course is required. An introduction to the biology of animals and their ancestors. Topics include structure and function of cells, tissues, organs and organ systems in animals.

Genetics, development, behavior, ecology, and the evolution of major phyla are covered. A comparative approach is taken in studying the invertebrates and vertebrates including man. An introductory course that teaches biological principles by emphasizing the structural and functional aspects of the human body, especially as they relate to everyday existence.

Includes discussion of important collateral issues such as the nature and course of disease, smoking and health, drug abuse, immunity and allergy, human genetics, birth-control, over-population, and sexually transmitted disease. The nature, structure, growth, and habits of insects and related forms are discussed.

The beneficial and injurious effects of insects are covered. Recent breakthroughs and developments in the field of entomology are discussed. Skills are developed which enable the student to identify insect plant pests, diseases and injuries. Control measures and application equipment are discussed. Emphasis is placed on the various pest management options available to the homeowner and professionals in the field.

IPM integrated pest management involves an understanding of pesticides, physical and mechanical controls, biological controls, cultural controls, and legal controls. Laws regulating the activities of pest control operators and the application of hazardous pesticides are discussed. A collection of insects and related forms is required. Moving beyond the basic concepts of general biology, this class explores how biology is used in both academic and commercial settings within the fields of biotechnology, pharmaceutical and clinical sciences.

Topics will include: applications of biotechnology in microbes, plants, and animals, the human genome project and its relation to medical biotechnology, DNA forensics, and pharmaceutical drug discovery, delivery, and FDA approval. The debate surrounding subjects such as cloning, stem cells, and genetically modified foods will also be discussed. Prerequisite s : BIO with a grade of C- or higher. This course is designed to enable students to develop understanding of and proficient technical ability in basic bioscience laboratory practices.

There is an in-depth presentation of laboratory safety standards, utilization of material safety data sheets, and the theoretical basis for a full range of preparatory and analytical methods and the opportunity to develop expertise in these methods with a variety of laboratory equipment. Students are required to maintain a laboratory notebook, analyze and display data in graphic form, and report results in a standard format.

The role of microbes as causative agents of disease in human hosts; the morphological characterization of pathogenic species, classification of communicable diseases and epidemiological aspects. Host-parasite relationship, infection, and host-resistance mechanisms; sero-diagnostic methods in medical practice.

Chemotherapy, mode of action of antibiotics, sterilization, disinfection methods and contamination control. Prerequisite s : BIO or or or or The ecological principles of the marine environment will be examined. There will be an emphasis on the classification, identification and economic importance of both the animals Protozoa-Chordata and the algae microscopic and macroscopic. The flora and fauna of the Long Island region will be stressed with field trips and collections being an integral part of the course. Prerequisite s : BIO or or This course will cover ethical issues raised as a result of modern advances in biotechnology which directly affect the quality of human life.

Bioethics comprises every possible aspect of health care: medical, moral, political, religious, legal and financial. It scrutinizes outmoded laws and deals with the enormous growth in available medical services. It takes into account our views of ourselves as members of a humane society. Note: This course is also offered as a writing intensive course at the discretion of the department. Prerequisite s : One course of college biology with a C- or higher; for the writing intensive version, EGL with a grade of C or higher is also required.

Proper field techniques for sampling the water, land, and air environments will be emphasized. Laboratory procedures will involve the analysis of both chemical and biological parameters, including wastewater analysis, using New York State approved methodology. Vegetative transecting and beach contouring will also be included. Data presentation and report writing will be emphasized. Field trips and study will be an integral and required part of this course.

Discussion of environmental laws and impact statements will be included. Prerequisite s : One course of college biology with a laboratory and one semester of college chemistry with a laboratory. BIO is a course in which human anatomy and physiology are studied using a body systems approach, with emphasis on the interrelationships between form and function at the gross and microscopic levels of organization. This sequence is appropriate for students with a strong foundation in basic biological principles.

Anatomy and Physiology I includes: anatomical and directional terminology, histology, and the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, and endocrine systems. Note: The required course sequence for nursing students is BIO and Prerequisite s : BIO or equivalent with a C- or higher. Methods of greenhouse pest and disease control, including identification of major families of pests, diagnosis of diseases, principles of cultural and chemical control, and a survey of pests and diseases associated with economically important greenhouse crops.

Prerequisite s : BIO or This course investigates the principles of physiology in vertebrates with emphasis on mechanism of integration and homeostasis at the cellular, organ and system level. It explores the comparative, experimental and evolutionary aspects of all vertebrate classes and surveys the impact of recent advances in cellular and molecular biology on this branch of the biological sciences. This laboratory course is an inquiry into the experimental methods and models for understanding vertebrate physiology.

It will explore the comparative, experimental and evolutionary aspects of the mechanisms of integration and homeostasis among select vertebrate classes. Laboratory exercises incorporate computer software-based exercises with classic physiology experiments designed to illustrate both the basic concepts of physiology as well as the comparative nature of these events in a number of vertebrate species.

This is a lecture-based course designed to introduce the study of evolutionary biology and its many components. The course includes extensive primary literature use, focusing on both recent literature and classic papers within the field. The course introduces the student to the nature of ecosystems, community organization and dynamics, and population growth and regulation through the understanding and use of modern ecological techniques.

The laboratory will be primarily focused on the analysis of field data collected by students. An introduction to systematics using vascular plants as the model organisms. Lecture material for this course will cover all aspects of systematics from basic nomenclature, taxonomy and systematic methods through modern molecular systematics and cladistics. Lab material will cover plant morphology and the identification of characteristics across plant lineages and their relationship to systematics.

These regulations apply to all aspects of testing, clinical trials and manufacturing of Biopharmaceutical products under the authority of the Food and Drug Administration. The course will examine the application of these regulations to the bioprocessing, pharmaceutical, nutraceutical, cosmeceutical and allied industries. Prerequisite s : BIO with grade of a C- or higher. Students will understand and be able to apply basic principles of genetic analysis.

These principles include the Mendelian laws of inheritance, factors that contribute to modification of Mendelian patterns, chromosome organization, genetic variation, the structure of selected eukaryotic and prokaryotic genomes and the analysis of the genetic makeup of populations. Laboratory exercises include both computer simulations and the use of living organisms to illustrate genetic principles and techniques.

Students will collect data utilizing standard genetics investigational techniques. This course is intended to teach the basic tools used in bioinformatics in order to investigate biological questions. Students will conduct independent projects utilizing existing computer programs and databases for gene searches, sequence comparisons, and phylogenetic analysis.

This course investigates how cells develop, work, communicate, and control their activities. At the completion of this course the student should be able to engage in the broad themes of cell and molecular biology, and to relate these concepts to other studies in biology and other disciplines. This course introduces students to the theory and methodology of protocols routinely used in research laboratories investigating cell structure and function. Students have the opportunity to use both common and high tech instruments to perform weekly laboratory exercises.

Experimental design, controls and data presentation and analysis are emphasized. Major diseases of economically important plants are emphasized. The disease process and disease cycles for representative pathogens are covered in relation to plant disease control methods. The laboratory is designed to enable the student to acquire skills in collection and examination methods used for the diagnosis of plant diseases produced by biotic and abiotic agents, using microbial isolation and culturing techniques where applicable. The student will learn to recognize and identify directly or indirectly biotic plant pathogens among the Plants, Animals, Fungi, Protists, Bacteria, Viruses and Viroids.

This course introduces students to basic ecological concepts as they relate to the biotic and abiotic environment. It stresses the diversity of life and the impact that man, other organisms and environment have on each other. Laboratory exercises and field work will investigate the effects organisms have on each other as well as the effects of environmental conditions on growth and development.

Students will also characterize the nature of selected site s in terms of species diversity using plot sampling techniques. Seminar type discussions require individuals or small groups to explore environmental issues.

Course Listing

Topics for these discussions will be submitted to the instructor for appropriateness and approval. Students will be required to research and prepare a paper as well as make a presentation to the class. The class will be given the opportunity to question each speaker following that individual's presentation. BIO is a comprehensive study of the various neurogenic mechanisms central to the study and understanding of pain is the focus of this lecture-based course. In addition, Clinical neuroanatomy and physiology will be reviewed. Also, a broad base review will be aimed at exploring the psychodynamic components of pain.

This includes, but is not limited to topics in addiction, brain reward cascades, and arousal mechanisms. The final portion of this course includes discussion of the various methods of pain mitigation and measurement. Strong clinical applications will be emphasized throughout the course. This course is a survey of the major invertebrate groups, starting with sponges and ending with the closest relatives to vertebrates. Lectures will focus on the evolutionary history, physiology, ecology, and human-health impacts these organisms have, while the dissection-based lab will present a comparative anatomical approach of physical structures.

Note: The laboratory course, L, is part of your grade and a required co-requisite. Recommended students will engage in one of the following for at least hours: 1 health care volunteer work that involves patient assistance in the health care environment; 2 shadowing of a health care professional physician, physician assistant, physical therapist, occupational therapist, dentist, veterinarian etc Students must submit a resume to the internship coordinator at least 3 months before registering for the course.

Credits: 3 0,9. Recommended for students engaged in one of the following for at least hours: 1 health care volunteer work that involves patient assistance in the health care environment; 2 shadowing of a health care professional physician, physician assistant, physical therapist, occupational therapist, dentist, veterinarian, etc.

Prerequisite s : BIO with a grade of B or higher. Developmental Biology will focus on the molecular and cellular mechanisms that underlie the growth and development of complex multicellular organisms. This course aims to provide an overview of animal embryonic development with attention given to the genes and proteins involved in controlling the behavior of cells in the processes of differentiation, morphogenesis, and growth.

Developmental mechanisms discussed will emphasize genetic and experimental techniques used to understand embryonic growth and differentiation. Based on contemporary applications of microbiology, this course is designed to present both fundamental concepts of microbial physiology and growth as well as microbial control measures ranging from asepsis to antibiosis.

The role of microorganisms in natural ecosystems, research, manufacturing and human infection will be explored, with emphasis on prokaryotic genetics and metabolism. Mechanisms of evolution will be discussed within the context of emerging pathogens and novel bioengineered organisms. The dynamics between the human microbiome and resistance to infection will be presented along with basic epidemiological models. This course will focus on specific human viruses, including papilloma, herpes, smallpox, polio, measles, HIV, influenza, SARS, and hepatitis viruses.

Lecture will cover viral strategies of invasion, viral lifecycles, viral offense and host defense, prevention and control of viral diseases, approaches for studying viruses and public health. Immunobiology is a course in human immunology covering the concepts of innate and adaptive immunity and descriptions and functions of cellular and soluble factors involved in the immune response to eliminate infectious organisms. Concepts include mechanism for regulation of the immune response, how the immune system learns to discriminate between self and non-self, induction and maintenance of immunological tolerance and the development of immunological memory.

This course is designed to develop an understanding of the biology of cancer with an emphasis on molecular and cellular events that promote the transformation of normal cells into malignant cancer cells. There will be a general introduction of cancer from a historical perspective that will include the underlying causes of cancer. Students will emerge from this course with a firm understanding of how the disruption of molecular pathways may result in altered cellular signaling and the promotion of tumorigenesis, angiogenesis and metastasis.

Current approaches to cancer treatment and recent advances in therapies that exploit these mechanisms will also be discussed. This course will involve the understanding and evaluation of primary literature so that students may formulate scientific questions and critically evaluate information relevant to cancer biology. This course provides a detailed explanation of topics in molecular biology including DNA replication, DNA repair and recombination, transcriptional regulation and RNA processing.

The course also covers techniques common in molecular biology laboratories, such as PCR, cloning, sequencing, nucleic acid separation and visualization. Topics will be presented from both the view of prokaryotes as well as eukaryotes. The lab component of the class will teach molecular biology techniques that will enable students to use RNAi to knock-down gene expression in C. Scientific journal articles highlighting class topics will be used to supplement class lectures. This course explores advanced molecular biological techniques and concepts as they apply to the study of forensic investigation.

The course will cover background information on body fluid identification, DNA structure and function, analytical DNA techniques, and review advancements in the field of DNA typing. The primary focus will be the molecular biological technique known as short tandem repeats STR testing.

Other topics covered include case studies, sample handling, DNA databanking CODIS , mass disaster identification, Y chromosomal analysis, paternity testing, and validation procedures. The laboratory component of this course will give the students hands-on experience in techniques and experiments that are currently being employed by forensic biology laboratories across the country.

This course will serve as an advanced elective for students looking to delve deeper into the skeletal anatomy of the human body and why it looks the way it does today. An evolutionary approach will be taken to studying aspects of human anatomy that are generally considered unique amongst primates, such as an enlarged brain, a reduced masticatory apparatus, and upright bipedal posture. These traits will be put into context with comparisons to the great apes and representatives from the human fossil record. Biomechanical and developmental aspects of skeletal anatomy will also be explored.

Students are expected to enter this class with a working knowledge of the bones of the human body and the general terminology used to describe them. They will also be expected to read and discuss the scientific literature surrounding debates in human evolution that will be covered in lecture.

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Note: There is not a separate lab component of this course but students will get hands-on experience with models of the bones and casts of fossil specimens. An introduction is provided to governmental oversight of drugs, devices and biotherapeutics, and the laws and regulations that apply to development, testing and validation of methods and equipment. A study of current discoveries and applications of biology, with emphasis on student participation and written assignments. Critical thinking will be developed concerning the validity of popular reports and extraordinary claims.

Ongoing discoveries in biology will be analyzed according to their contributions to the advancement of knowledge, their possible commercial medical, or agricultural applications, and ethical issues that they may arise. Resources that will be utilized include current scientific literature, guest lectures, and the internet. The capstone course in the Bioscience Program, utilizes guest speakers and student literature searches to explore the state of the entire field of Bioscience. Each student is required to write a paper on an approved topic in the field of Bioscience based on primary sources in the scientific literature, and to present a seminar at which the student will defend his or her correlations and conclusions about the topic.

Note: this course is also offered as a writing intensive course at the discretion of the department. Prerequisite s : Biology faculty permission, recommendation or invitation. Off-campus internships also require approval of the Biology Internship Coordinator. Credits: 1 0,0,3. Mentor directed research projects may entail literature searches and any or all laboratory, or fieldwork activities needed for the acquisition and interpretation of experimental data, as well as documentation of these activities in a laboratory notebook.

Credits: 3 0,0,9. Credits: 4 0,0, An intensive bioscience research experience for selected student in a research laboratory under the supervision of faculty engaged in current investigations in the field of bioscience. Technical Elective for Bioscience majors. Prerequisite s : Senior status and recommendation of faculty. Credits: 8 4,0, Fundamental accounting concepts and principles are covered through an understanding of the following topics: accounting as an information system; analyzing a transaction; the accounting cycle; accounting for both service enterprises and merchandising businesses; deferrals and accruals; reversing entries; systems design; accounting for cash, receivables, temporary investments and inventory; payroll accounting.

Students apply concepts to the preparation of special journals, subsidiary ledgers, worksheets and financial statements. Continued development of the principles and concepts introduced in Accounting I. The following topics are included: emphasis on further understanding of generally accepted accounting principles; plant assets; intangible assets; determination of depreciation, depletion and amortization; accounting for partnerships and corporations; long term liabilities; investments in bonds and stock; statement of cash flows; managerial accounting; accounting for manufacturing operations; budgeting and standard costs systems.

This introductory course covers management principles pertaining to human resources, individual behavior in organizations, employee motivation and performance, and business ethics. This course introduces the student to the fundamentals of American Business and its contemporary environment. It provides an overview of organizational, national, and international trends and their impact on enterprises both large and small.

The fundamentals of applied mathematics in the field of accounting, finance, marketing, and selling. Topics include interest, bank discount, insurance, and annuities. The use of arithmetic as a managerial tool is stressed. This course provides the student with a sound knowledge of the basic elements of the marketing process. Major topics include the features of consumer and organizational markets, market segmentation, and target market strategies. Product planning and development, brands, packaging and other product features are covered.

Price determination and the use of various pricing strategies are discussed. The factors in the selection of channels of distribution and the features of wholesaling and retailing are considered. Elements of the promotional process such as sales, advertising, and sales promotion are included. Ethical and legal issues in marketing, marketing of services, global marketing, and marketing on the Internet are also covered. An introduction to the role and importance of effective communications in business. This course will combine basic advertising principles with practical media application.

This course shall introduce students to the business of advertising in a contemporary global environment. The course will explore concepts of advertising, including elements of media selection and copywriting within the parameters of internal budgets, management and the application of actual advertising creation.

In addition, students will create advertising, integrating the roles of the creative director and marketing manager. Note: Students completing this course may not receive credit for VIS The overall aim of this course is to help students develop an understanding and appreciation of Finance as a business discipline - an analytical approach in assessing the financial worthiness of a business entity is stressed.

Topics covered include time value of money; financial statement analysis; valuation models; risks and rates of return; calculating beta coefficients; working capital management; capital budgeting; the cost of capital leverage and dividend policy; and financial forecasting. An introduction to the nature and sources of law; the role the legal system; the law of torts and crimes; the law of contracts; and real and personal property. Early photographs of Moroccan Jewish families, taken in the early 20th century by German explorer and photographer Hermann Burchardt , are now held at the Ethnological Museum of Berlin.

The status of Moroccan Jews was not substantially improved by the establishment in of a French protectorate over much of the country. In , thousands of rebelling Moroccan soldiers entered and pillaged the Mellah Jewish quarter of Fez. More than 50 Jews were killed and hundreds of homes and shops were destroyed or damaged. The events were known as the " Tritel.

By the s increasing numbers of Moroccan Muslims began to graduate from schools taught in French and to demand access to jobs in the colonial administration and in French-owned businesses that had been filled by French citizens and by Moroccan Jews who, as a community, had been willing to send significant numbers of children to schools taught in French a generation or two earlier than Moroccan Muslims. In , the Nazi-controlled Vichy government issued antisemitic decrees excluding Jews from public functions.

Sultan Mohammed V refused to apply these racist laws and, as a sign of defiance, insisted on inviting all the rabbis of Morocco to the throne celebrations. In , approximately , Jews lived in Morocco. Around 2, live there now, mostly in Casablanca , but also in Fes and other main cities. In June , soon after Israel was established and in the midst of the first Arab-Israeli war, riots against Jews broke out in Oujda and Djerada , and in Alcazarquivir killing 44 Jews.

In , 18, Jews left the country for Israel. After this, Jewish emigration continued to Israel and elsewhere , but slowed to a few thousand a year. Through the early s, Zionist organizations encouraged emigration, particularly in the poorer south of the country, seeing Moroccan Jews as a valuable source of labor for the Jewish State. From on many Jews left Fes. Most emigrated to Israel while others went to France and Canada.

In , Morocco attained independence. Jews occupied several political positions, including three Members of the Parliament of Morocco and a Minister of Posts and Telegraphs. However, emigration to Israel jumped from 8, in to 24, in , increasing further in Beginning in , emigration to Israel was prohibited until , although it continued illegally until it was officially resumed. When Mohammed V died, Jews joined Muslims in a national day of mourning. But over the next three years, more than 80, Moroccan Jews immigrated to Israel.

By , only 60, Jews remained in Morocco. By , its Jewish population was down to 35,; however, most of this new wave of emigration went to Europe and North America rather than Israel. France for a time was a destination particularly for Moroccan Jews with European educations, who had economic opportunities there; one study of Moroccan Jewish brothers, one of whom settled in France and the other in Israel, showed that 28 percent of the brothers who settled in France became managers, businessmen or professionals compared to 13 percent of their Israeli brothers and only 4 percent unskilled workers compared to over a third of their Israeli brothers.

Despite their current small numbers, Jews continue to play a notable role in Morocco. They are well represented in business and even a small number in politics and culture. Jewish schools and synagogues receive government subsidies. However, Jews were targeted in the Casablanca bombings of May In Marrakech had an aging population of about Jews, most over the age of 60, while Casablanca had between 3, and 4, Jews. A figure says there are about 2, Jews still living in Morocco. In , it was revealed that there is a rapidly growing trend of Moroccan-Jewish families sending their sons to study at the Jerusalem College of Technology in Israel.

Most of these students opt to take up Israeli citizenship and settle in Israel after graduating. However, most of these are not of Moroccan descent. Pair of anklets, silver molded, city style. Once belonged to a Jewish woman. Moroccan Jewish Museum, Casablanca. The Book of Deuteronomy, Debarim. Hebrew with translation in Judo-Arabic, transcribed in Hebrew letters. From Livorno, CE. A wall sign advising attendants of a Jewish synagogue on what to do during prayer.

Moroccan Jewish Museum, Morocco. Moroccan Jewish Museum in Casablanca. Moroccan esrog is an unbroken heritage appreciated by the worldwide Jewry. The Jewish Encyclopedia.

Peter Idley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on the. Acheulean Mousterian Aterian Iberomaurusian Capsian. Early Islamic 8th — 10th century AD. Territorial fragmentation 10th — 11th century AD. Empire beginning 11th century AD. Protectorate — Modern Since Ifni War Sand War. Related topics. Morocco in the s s s s s History by topic Economic Military Postal Imperial cities. This article's factual accuracy is disputed. Relevant discussion may be found on the talk page. Please help to ensure that disputed statements are reliably sourced.

June Learn how and when to remove this template message. Jewelry, once belonged to a Jewish family. Encyclopedia of World History 6 ed. Retrieved Retrieved 23 June Jewish Virtual Library. The Jewish Virtual Library. Executive Editor Norman A. Brill Online, Yehudah", ed.

International Medieval Research

Wiener, p. Solomon Cohen's account comports with Arab historian Ibn Baydhaq's sequence of events. Retrieved 2 April IV, pg. The Jewish Publication Society. Brill Academic Pub. Proceedings of the World Congress of Jewish Studies. Brown, iii. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians.

Love and Marriage in Medieval Spain

September Kaufmann, "Z. Iliowizi, Through Morocco to Minnesota , , p. Retrieved on Retrieved 2 April — via Haaretz. Boum, Aomar Stanford: Stanford University Press. Behar, Doron M. The matrilineal genetic ancestry of the Jewish Diaspora". Drucker, Peter March Journal of Middle East Women's Studies. Duke University Press. Hirschberg, H. A History of the Jews of North Africa. Leiden: Brill. Jost, Isaak Markus Berlin: Schlesinger. Katz, Jonathan G. Schroeter ed.

Jewish Culture and Society in North Africa. Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press. Kayserling, Meyer Kissling, Hans J. Laskier, Michael Marglin, Jessica New Haven: Yale University Press. Jewish Quarterly Review. Mercier, E.

Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)
Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)
Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)
Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)
Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)
Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)
Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)
Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research) Love, Marriage and Family Ties in the Middle Ages (IMR) (International Medieval Research)

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