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Services on Demand Journal. Artigos Analysis support for the design process of school buildings. Abstract This paper presents an analysis procedure to improve school design. Introduction This paper presents the results of a study on school building design analysis methods and the introduction of a procedure to improve the design process and the resulting quality of such buildings in a specific context, but shown to be appropriate for wider settings.
[PDF Download] Linking Architecture and Education: Sustainable Design of Learning Environments
Design process, procedures and precedents Research on the design process in architecture primarily shows that it does not follow rigid rules. School building design Discussions on the quality of school buildings go beyond questions of minimum design standards and maintaining facilities. School design improvement procedure The quality of a building design depends on known and new design criteria and professional knowledge and experience or practice, as well as feedback from building performance assessments.
Procedure description The school design analysis procedure is based on a structured process conducted within an integrated design process, as shown in the diagram in Figure 4. The procedure steps are outlined here: design parameters are defined from standard FDE requirements and DQI recommendations; school designs are evaluated through the MOEC method to measure environmental comfort levels of proposals to represent the specific context of FDE school buildings.
Other evaluation methods, appropriate for the early stages of a design process, may be used to assess first important decisions on form, site, orientation and location of openings for example; sample designs are selected and the sample is dimensioned. Distance from any floor level point to stair should be no more than 25m x Circulation space distribution to be adjusted to FDE structural modular dimensions x Standard FDE windows x Classrooms 7.
Acoustic isolation for privacy. Case study test To illustrate the school design procedure, a test was conducted and results are shown in Tables 1 and 2. Results and lessons learned The main aim of developing this analysis procedure is to support, in a structured way, the pre-design evaluation phase of a design process. Conclusions To improve school buildings an architectural design analysis procedure is presented, aiming to support a reflective design process.
Received: March 06, ; Accepted: August 02, How to cite this article. General FDE requirements:. Vertical and horizontal distribution of spaces to be rationally organised. Circulation flows should be straight and direct, emphasis axis, avoid obstacles and dead-end. Reduce circulation areas max. Circulation areas with good lighting, preference for natural lighting from stairs and corridor extremities. Minimum corridor width according to fire safety and accessibility codes. Distance from any floor level point to stair should be no more than 25m.
Circulation space distribution to be adjusted to FDE structural modular dimensions. Classrooms 7. Openings on opposite walls cross ventilation. General functional recommendations from DQI and teaching styles and modalities:. All spaces are of appropriate size and form for their intended functions. Teaching and learning spaces are adequate and appropriate for the specific curriculum and organisation of the school. Space for collaborative team work in small and mid-sized groups students.
Spaces for wireless access to allow for online research throughout the school. Sufficient outdoor space for social interaction and recreation between students and the community weekend use of school facilities. Good indoor air quality, fresh and pleasant throughout the day, using passive means. Design based on forms and materials to provide a general overall pleasant building concept.
Design that allows for social interactions, with an internal environment that offers variety, supports concentration and encourages respect. Classroom layout with tables in pairs with space for wheelchair movement for 31,36 or 41 students, depending on school size. Good visual connection between indoors and outdoors views and transparency. Total number of school projects with specific classroom configurations which attend general functional recommendations. LPA Green School Primer: Lessons in Sustainability.
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Taylor, A. Linking architecture and education: sustainable design for learning environments. A place to learn: Lessons from research on learning environments.
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