Part 2 outlines the very different mechanisms used by various nations for achieving state justice, including systems based on common law, civil law, and Islamic law, with a separate discussion of the US justice system. Part 3 focuses on four contemporary issues of justice: war, genocide, slavery, and the environment. Finally, Part 4 shows how individuals and organizations can go about pursuing justice, and describes the rise of global justice.
We live in a human rights world in which talk of rights is everywhere. This world of human rights, however, is often ambiguous, such that we struggle to comprehend it. Reconstructing Human Rights offers an alternative theory of human rights and their place in world politics, focusing on their radical democratizing potential. Traditionally, philosophical accounts of human rights justify them as moral principles of the highest importance that define legitimate political authority, which we must accept as a matter of rational or practical necessity.
In turn, this push for authoritative justification generates resistance, as critics see human rights as a totalizing discourse based on problematic Western ideas. The central argument of Reconstructing Human Rights is that we misunderstand human rights if we focus on simply securing or rejecting their authority. Instead we know the promise and potential of human rights by attending to how they allow us to challenge the terms of legitimate authority and political membership. This account of human rights draws on the pragmatist ethics of John Dewey and the agonistic pluralism of William Connolly.
In the end, there is no escaping the complexity of our human rights world, but by understanding them as fundamentally contested and plural we can shed light on the ambiguous effects they have and empower ourselves to better judge their value. The treatment of migrants is one of the most challenging issues that human rights, as a political philosophy, faces today. It has increasingly become a contentious issue for many governments and international organizations around the world. This book examines the way in which two institutions tasked with ensuring the protection of human rights—the European Court of Human Rights and Inter-American Court of Human Rights—treat claims lodged by migrants.
It combines legal, sociological, and historical analysis to show that the two courts were the product of different backgrounds, which led to differing attitudes towards migrants in their founding texts, and that these differences were reinforced in their developing case law. The book assesses the case law of both courts in detail to argue that they approach migrant cases from fundamentally different perspectives.
It asserts that the European Court of Human Rights treats migrants first as aliens, and then, but only as a second step in its reasoning, as human beings. By contrast, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights approaches migrants first as human beings, and secondly as foreigners if they are. The book argues therefore that the Inter-American Court of Human Rights takes a fundamentally more human rights-driven approach to this issue. The book shows how these trends formed at the courts, and assesses whether their approaches have changed over time.
It also assesses in detail the issue of the detention of irregular migrants. Ultimately it analyses whether the divergence in the case law of the two courts is likely to continue, or whether they could potentially adopt a more unified practice. City Commissions on Human Rights are associated with cities, towns, provinces or states, countries, universities or colleges and various consortia. For example, "Kerala" or "Iowa City" plus the phrase "human rights commission. Jenner, Jr. Topics change roughly every month..
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And older topics update if relevant resources become available. Design and content development by S.
A professor of global health at Sweden's Karolinska Institute, his current work focuses on dispelling common myths about the so-called developing world, which he points out is no longer worlds away from the West. In fact, most of the Third World is on the same trajectory toward health and prosperity, and many countries are moving twice as fast as the west did.
Encyclopedia of Human Rights Issues Since 1945
An encyclopedia of human rights in the United States e-resource, UIUC Only This title offers easy to grasp explanations of the basic concepts and laws in the field, with emphasis on human rights in the historical, political, and legal experience of the United States. Forensic rhetorics and satellite surveillance : the visualization of war crimes and human rights violations e-resource, UIUC Only "Forensic Rhetorics, Satellite Surveillance, and the Visualization of War Crimes and Human Rights Violations uses critical forensic perspectives in order to assess the strengths and weaknesses of governmental, NGO, and celebrity usage of satellite surveillance systems.
Human Rights and Digital Technology e-resource, UIUC Only Analysing the convergence of law and regulation with rapidly evolving communications technologies, this interdisciplinary work navigates the intricate balancing act between human rights protection and technological innovation in a digital age, and illuminates the comprehensive potential of human rights to frame our intelligent use of technology.
Information politics, protests, and human rights in the digital age We live in a highly complex and evolving world that requires a fuller and deeper understanding of how modern technological tools, ideas, practices, and institutions interact, and how different societies adjust themselves to emerging realities of the digital age.
Human Rights and European Law: Building New Legal Orders e-resource, UIUC Only This book includes work on the legal protection of rights, contributing to the growing public judicial debate surrounding the national and transnational protection of individual rights. The Media and Human Rights: The Cosmopolitan Promise e-resource, UIUC Only In recent years there has been an explosion in the usage and visibility of the language of human rights, but what does this mean for the role of the media? Peacebuilding and the rights of indigenous peoples : experiences and strategies for the 21st century e-resource, UIUC only This book analyses efforts to advance the rights of Indigenous People within peace-building frameworks: Section I critically explores key issues concerning Indigenous Peoples' Rights struggles for land, human, cultural, civil, legal and constitutional rights in connection with key approaches in peace-building such as nonviolence, non-violent strategic action, peace education, sustainability, gender equality, cultures of peace, and environmental protection.
Pursuing justice : traditional and contemporary issues in our communities and the world e-resource, UIUC Only Pursuing Justice, Second Edition, examines the issue of justice by considering the origins of the idea, formal systems of justice, current global issues of justice, and ways in which justice might be achieved by individuals, organizations, and the global community.
Reconstructing human rights : a pragmatist and pluralist inquiry in global ethics e-resources, UIUC Only We live in a human rights world in which talk of rights is everywhere. When humans become migrants : study of the European Court of Human Rights with an Inter-American counterpoint e-resource, UIUC Only The treatment of migrants is one of the most challenging issues that human rights, as a political philosophy, faces today. Oxford Human Rights Hub There is no feed available, just click on the link above to visit their blog. Offers by state reports, theme and year.
Data in Gapminder World.
Topics number in the hundreds including employment rates, aid received, still born death. Explore the many datasets on GapMinder, simple and effective visualizations of data, including time dimension. ICPSR maintains a data archive of more than , files of research in the social and behavioral sciences. It hosts 21 specialized collections of data in education, aging, criminal justice, substance abuse, terrorism, and other fields.
It was shortly to become much more than that, but the initial genius of establishing an effective mechanism for sharing a seminal collection of scientific data cannot be overestimated. They require progressive or gradual realization: progressive realization recognizes that it is impossible for most governments to achieve these rights fully and immediately for everyone.
Human Rights - Encyclopedia of Social Work
Human rights legislation in most of Canada recognizes and enforces many economic and social rights, for example by protecting equality rights in the areas of housing, employment and education. There is also a third generation of other rights, including the rights to economic and social development, to participate in cultural heritage, and to intergenerational equity and sustainability. Third generation rights are generally not enforceable, but they are an emerging set of norms that are developing quickly.
All human rights are indivisible, interrelated and interdependent. None has automatic precedence over any other. Human rights as we understand them today are a relatively modern concept. Slavery was practised in the British colonies, including Canada, until it was made illegal under the Slavery Abolition Act of After Confederation, discriminatory laws discouraged the immigration of non-whites see Immigration Policy.
Discrimination and de facto segregation see Prejudice and Discrimination were commonplace in many parts of Canada, especially for Chinese , Japanese and Black Canadians. During the two world wars, and at different points in time, Canada interned people see Internment who were perceived to be enemy aliens, including Eastern European, Italian , German and Japanese Canadians.
In the early 20th century, the rights of women and children were restricted see Women and the Law ; Murdoch Case. Women were not considered "persons" eligible for appointment to the Senate until Laws denying the franchise to Aboriginal peoples were in place until after the Canadian Bill of Rights in Aboriginal women continued to experience discrimination. Women who married non-Aboriginal men lost their status under the Indian Act whereas Aboriginal men who married non-Aboriginal women retained their status. This discrimination was challenged under international law, but the Canadian law did not changed until Aboriginal peoples were also prohibited from filing federal human rights complaints about discrimination in relation to the Indian Act until Legal measures to combat discrimination, racism and hate speech began to emerge in the s, but it was not until the s that they became more widespread.
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In , Ontario introduced provincial legislation called the Racial Discrimination Act , followed by Saskatchewan's Bill of Rights in Both statutes relied on quasi-criminal prosecutions — as opposed to civil human rights claims, which would emerge two decades later — and were rarely used. Fair accommodation and fair employment practices laws were enacted throughout Canada in the s, followed by equal-pay legislation for women.
In the s and s, the provinces and territories started to consolidate these statutes into comprehensive human rights codes, administered and enforced by permanent human rights commissions and tribunals. The federal Bill of Rights was an important step in the evolution of human rights in Canada. The Bill had several weaknesses: it had no constitutional force and could be amended in Parliament like any other law.
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It was restricted to federal matters, and did not affect the provinces in any way. The Bill of Rights made little legal impact, but its shortcomings demonstrated the importance of a constitutional bill of rights and paved the way for the Charter. In , the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the "common standard of achievement for all peoples… to promote respect for these rights and freedoms, and by progressive measures national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance.
By , the international scene had evolved in important ways. Canada acceded to both in with the unanimous consent of the provinces.
Both covenants are now binding upon Canada in International Law. Canada has ratified or signed other core human rights treaties and submitted itself to oversight by their respective treaty bodies. Each has its own oversight committee at the United Nations. The development of international human rights law generated pressure to strengthen our human rights laws in Canada, leading to the enactment of the Canadian Human Rights Act and the entrenchment of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom s.
The Charter is a bill of rights but is also a political compromise. Section 33 of the Charter permits any government to enact laws "notwithstanding the Charter," and thus a majority government may infringe the Charter through this "notwithstanding" power. Such actions will, in most cases, constitute a clear violation of international law. Public interest groups frequently oppose such actions in democratic societies through the actions of individuals, political parties, the media and members of the legislature. Harry Potter. Popular Features.
New Releases. Encyclopedia of Human Rights. Notify me. Description The international human rights movement has become firmly established in global politics since the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and principles of human rights now have a major impact on international diplomacy and lawmaking. This major five-volume encyclopedia set offers comprehensive coverage of all aspects of human rights theory, practice, law, and history. The set provides country profiles, and full coverage of the development of the movement, of historical cases of abuse, of the key figures, of major organizations past and present, and of a range of other issues in economics, government, religion, journalism, etc.
Review Text Forsythe Univ. All previous encyclopedic works on the subject pale in comparison.
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